Marseille 1915-2015: gateway to the remembrance trails

International conference

Aix-Marseille University – Marseille Archives

Marseille 1915-2015: gateway to the remembrance trails

Marseille 1915-2015 : portail des chemins de mémoire

Thursday 9 April, Marseille Archives (Amphitheatre)

8:45 Opening address: Sylvie Clair (Director, Marseille Archives)

Chair: Gilles Teulié (Aix-Marseille)

9:00 Jean-Marie Guillon (Aix-Marseille), “Marseille porte de la France et de la Méditerranée.”

9:40 Marco Caccavo (EIPACA) “La Légion garibaldienne : les Italiens qui servirent la France pendant la Grande Guerre.”

10:20 Matthew Graves (Aix-Marseille) “‘Nos Alliés à Marseille’ : histoires croisées, mémoires partagées ?”

11:00 Coffee break

Chair: Martine Piquet (Paris-Dauphine/ ICT Paris-Diderot)

11:20 Gilles Teulié (Aix-Marseille), “L’Empire britannique à Marseille : les cartes postales, vecteur du premier cercle de la mémoire.”

12:00 Thierry Di Costanzo (Strasbourg) “L’Empire britannique des Indes et la Première Guerre Mondiale : une approche historiographique et mémorielle.”

12:40 Lunch

Chair: Matthew Graves (Aix-Marseille)

14:20 Cherie Prosser (Australian War Memorial) “Colonial forces and national identity in First World War French and British propaganda.”

15:00 Martine Piquet (Paris-Dauphine) “Charles E.W. Bean’s account of the Australian arrival in France.”

15:40 Deirdre Gilfedder (Paris-Dauphine) “The Invention of Anzac Day in Queensland.”

16:00 Coffee break

Chair: Deirdre Gilfedder (Paris-Dauphine/ ICT Paris-Diderot)

16:20 Ben Wellings (Monash) “Nation and Rejuvenation: youth and the politics of Great War commemoration in Australia.”

17:00 Andy Mycock (Huddersfield) “The First World War centenary and the post-imperial politics of commemoration.”

17:40-18:00 Summing-up

Conference dinner

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Friday 10 April, Marseille Archives (Seminar room)

9:00 Round table: “Politics of the Past: the Centenary Effect.”

Chair: Andy Mycock (Huddersfield)

Discussion paper: Romain Fathi (Brisbane), “The (re)discovery of 1914-18.”

10:30 Coffee break

11:00 Workshop: “The Wider War” (“Nation, Memory and War Commemoration, vol.2”, Presses Universitaires de Provence – Liverpool University Press)

Chair: Ben Wellings (Monash)

Discussion paper: Elizabeth Rechniewki (Sydney), “Resénégalisation in World War I.”

12:30 Lunch

14:00 Guided visit of the exhibition “Marseillais fais ton devoir !” (Marseille Archives)

15:00 Conclusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organisers

Matthew Graves & Gilles Teulié (AMU/LERMA)

Centre for the Study of the Anglophone World, Aix-Marseille University

Matthew.Graves@univ-amu.fr

Gilles.Teulie@univ-amu.fr

 

Scientific committee

Matthew Graves (Aix-Marseille University/LERMA/CREDO)

Jean-Marie Guillon (Aix-Marseille University/TELEMME)

Andy Mycock (Huddersfield University)

Martine Piquet (Paris-Dauphine University/ ICT Paris-Diderot)

Elizabeth Rechniewski (University of Sydney)

Shanti Sumartojo (Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University)

Gilles Teulié (Aix-Marseille University/LERMA)

Ben Wellings (Monash University)

 

Partners

Australian War Memorial, City of Marseille, Huddersfield University, International Research Network for War Commemoration, Marseille Archives, Monash University, Paris-Dauphine University, RMIT University, University of Sydney.

 

“Mission du Centenaire 14-18”

 

Revisiting Religion and the British Soldier in the First World War

The Friends of Dr Williams’s Library Annual Lecture will be delivered at 5.30pm on 13 November 2014 in the Lecture Hall, Dr Williams’s Library, 14 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0AR.

‘Revisiting Religion and the British Soldier in the First World War’ by Dr Michael Snape (University of Birmingham)

The significance of religion for the British soldier of 1914-1918 has traditionally been downplayed, and even discounted, in the historiography and popular mythology of the First World War. However, more recent research has tended to highlight the importance of personal faith and the role of religious agencies in the British experience of the war. Going further than the case of Great Britain, and beyond the years of the war itself, this lecture examines patterns of religiosity in the British army, correlates them with the evidence of other armed forces and other conflicts, and reassesses the nature and significance of religion for the British soldier throughout the ordeal of the First World War.

All are welcome. To book a place, please email conference@dwlib.co.uk.

For more information about the Lectures, see http://fodwllectures.wordpress.com

Nation, Memory and Great War Commemoration – book launch

Nation, Memory and Great War Commemoration – Mobilizing the Past in Europe, Australia and New Zealand (Peter Lang, 2014) edited by Shanti Sumartojo & Ben Wellings

will be launched by Dr Douglas Craig – Head, School of History, ANU.

Date and Time: 5.30pm, Monday 4 August 2014

Venue: ANU Centre for European Studies, 1 Liversidge Street (Bldg 67C), Canberra

Parking: please see the Visitor Parking Map 
RSVP:
 europe@anu.edu.au by 1 August 2014

ANUCES is an initiative involving four ANU Colleges (Arts and Social Sciences, Law, Business and Economics, and Asia and the Pacific) co-funded by the ANU and the European Union.

NMGWC cover

The Great War continues to play a prominent role in contemporary consciousness. With commemorative activities involving seventy-two countries, its centenary is a titanic undertaking: not only ‘the centenary to end all centenaries’ but the first truly global period of remembrance.

This publication is based on a  symposium hosted by the ANU Centre for European Studies in 2012. In this innovative volume, the authors examine First World War commemoration in an international, multidisciplinary and comparative context. The contributions draw on history, politics, geography, cultural studies and sociology to interrogate the continuities and tensions that have shaped national commemoration and the social and political forces that condition this unique international event. New studies of Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific address the relationship between increasingly fractured grand narratives of history and the renewed role of the state in mediating between individual and collective memories. Released to coincide with the beginning of the 2014-2018 centenary period, this collection illuminates the fluid and often contested relationships amongst nation, history and memory in Great War commemoration.

For more information please see http://www.peterlang.com/index.cfm?event=cmp.ccc.seitenstruktur.detailseiten&seitentyp=produkt&pk=72209

Nation, Memory and Great War Commemoration (Peter Lang, 2014)

NMGWC_cover

‘Nation, Memory and Great War Commemoration: Mobilizing the Past in Europe, Australia and New Zealand’, edited by IRNWC co-founders Shanti Sumartojo and Ben Wellings, is now in print and available to order from the publisher Peter Lang:

http://www.peterlang.com/index.cfm?event=cmp.ccc.seitenstruktur.detailseiten&seitentyp=produkt&pk=72209&concordeid=430937

Released to coincide with the beginning of the 2014-18 Great War centenary, this innovative volume combines the research of 16 members of the IRNWC who provide an international, multidisciplinary and comparative approach to the national commemorations of the First World War and the internationalization of the politics of the past. The studies range across Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific and illuminate the continuities, tensions and contradictions in the complex interrelations between nation, history, and memory in Great War commemoration.

Contents

Andrew Mycock/Shanti Sumartojo/Ben Wellings: ‘The centenary to end all centenaries’: The Great War, Nation and Commemoration – John Hutchinson: National Commemoration after the ‘Second Thirty Years’ War’ – Ben Wellings: Lest You Forget: Memory and Australian Nationalism in a Global Era – Roger Hillman: From No Man’s Land to Transnational Spaces: The Representation of Great War Memory in Film – Frank Bongiorno: Anzac and the Politics of Inclusion – Andrew Mycock: The Politics of the Great War Centenary in the United Kingdom – James W. McAuley: Divergent Memories: Remembering and Forgetting the Great War in Loyalist and Nationalist Ireland – Laurence van Ypersele: The Great War in Belgian Memories: From Unanimity to Divergence – Mark McKenna: Keeping in Step: The Anzac ‘Resurgence’ and ‘Military Heritage’ in Australia and New Zealand – Matthew Graves: Memorial Diplomacy in Franco-Australian Relations – Elizabeth Rechniewski: Contested Sites of Memory: Commemorating Wars and Warriors in New Caledonia – Matthew Stibbe: Remembering, Commemorating and (Re)fighting the Great War in Germany from 1919 to the Present Day – Sarah Christie: The Sinking of the Marquette: Gender, Nationalism and New Zealand’s Great War Remembrance – Guy Hansen: Museums and the Great War: A Curator’s Perspective on the History of Anzac – Christine Cadot: Wars Afterwards: The Repression of the Great War in European Collective Memory – Romain Fathi: ‘A Piece of Australia in France’: Australian Authorities and the Commemoration of Anzac Day at Villers-Bretonneux in the Last Decade – Shanti Sumartojo: Anzac Kinship and National Identity on the Australian Remembrance Trail.

Planning for First World War commemoration in Australia and the UK

Media reports in Australia and the UK are beginning to reveal official plans for First World War commemorative activities in both countries. In Australia, the new conservative coalition government, led by Prime Minister Tony Abbot, is committed to a widespread program developed by its Labour predecessor. Abbot recently  flagged the possibility of a new ‘Arlington-style’ war cemetery in the Australian capital, Canberra. A report on the proposal is available at http://www.canberratimes.com.au/national/abbott-flags-arlingtonstyle–national-war-cemetery-for-act-20131018-2vrvm.html.

This proposal apparently came as a surprise to other officials involved in shaping the national agenda for the ‘Anzac Centenary’, including the Director of the Australian War Memorial (AWM). The AWM is refurbishing its First World War gallery and organising other projects for the 2014-1018 period, as described in detail on https://www.awm.gov.au/1914-1918/. A more complete description of Australia-wide government-supported activity is available here: http://www.anzaccentenary.gov.au.

FxCam_1345641290622-1Meanwhile, other commentators have coined the phrase ‘Anzackery’ to describe the ‘obsession with Anzac myth and legend’ on both sides of politics. This more critical perspective, one that is relatively recent in mainstream discussion of the Anzac myth, holds open the possibility of a more complex and nuanced discussion of the role of the Anzac narrative in shaping contemporary Australian politics and society. See Paul Daley’s thoughtful discussion in the Australian edition of The Guardianhttp://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/14/australia-anzac-legend-centenary-war

A similarly critical approach seems to be taking place in the UK, with the BBC recently announcing its approach to the 2014-18 period. The senior executive in charge of this material stressed that during the centenary period, the BBC ‘would explore the impact of the conflict on Britain’s economy, its class system and its place in the world.’ Read more at http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/features/ww1-beyond-the-mud-and-trenches-bbcs-plans-for-the-centenary-of-world-war-one-8877564.html

We’d love to hear more about what is being planned in other countries.

Histories of Forgetting

Now in print, the latest issue of E-rea, Aix-Marseille University’s electronic journal of anglophone studies, takes as its theme Histories of Forgetting in the English and French-speaking Worlds, 20th-21st centuries:

http://erea.revues.org/2734
Co-edited by Matthew Graves (LERMA/APMC) and Valérie André (LERMA), issue 10.1 brings together researchers from France, Australia, the United Kingdom and Ireland who explore, from a transdisciplinary social and human sciences perspective, the lacunae in collective memory and the lost, concealed or censored episodes of the national past; those ‘forgotten’ histories that persist in counterpoint to canonical histories and conventional narratives of identity or which, once reconverted, may be used to underwrite them.

Histories of ‘forgotten’ conflicts feature prominently, with case studies drawn from the First and Second World Wars, including the struggle for the recognition of Australia’s aboriginal veterans, as well as the strategic forgetting of colonial pasts in Africa and Ireland.

“What is interesting about the latest issue of the online journal E-rea is how it redirects our attention towards European fields of memory which are less familiar than the French or German – the Northern Irish for instance – while also looking beyond Europe at Australia’s collective memory which has long been scarred by the strategic forgetting of the aboriginal past.” Emmanuel Laurentin, La Fabrique de l’Histoire, France Culture, 11/01/2013

https://www.franceculture.fr/blog-la-semaine-historique-d-emmanuel-laurentin-2013-01-11-la-semaine-du-110113

General editor: Prof. Sylvie Mathé (LERMA/AMU)

Contents

Editors: Matthew Graves & Valérie André (AMU)

Introduction:  Histories of Forgetting in the English and French-speaking Worlds, 20th-21st centuries.

I. The Colonial Past, between Forgetting and Re-appropriation

Robert Aldrich (USYD), Commemorating Colonialism in a Post-Colonial World.

Virginie Bernard (CREDO/EHESS), The Forgotten : exemple de réappropriation aborigène de lhistoire officielle australienne.

II. War Memory, from Erasure to Remembrance

Deirdre Gilfedder (Paris XI), The Imperial Nature of the Australian National War Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux.

Ciaran Wallace  (UCD), Between Remembering and Forgetting: Ireland and the Boer War.

Elizabeth Rechniewski (USYD), Forgetting and Remembering the Darwin Bombings.

III. Difficult Pasts and Reconciliation

Stanislas Hommet (UCaen), Enseigner les passes douloureux en Europe: entre oubli et hypermnésie, quelle place pour lenseignement? Présentation dun projet européen de recherche.

Karine Bigand (AMU), Peace in History and Heritage. Some thoughts on Northern Ireland.

Fabrice Mourlon (Paris XIII), Official responses to dealing with the past in Northern Ireland.

IV. Rewriting History in the Era of Commemoration

Catherine Delmas (Grenoble III), Remembering place, revisiting the past.

( …)

 

Great War Seminars in Paris

For those living in or visiting Paris at the moment, two research seminars on the Great War are particularly indicated.

Both have been running for several years and both are public and free.  I have had the chance to attend to both and each environment provides a valuable framework in which to study various aspects of the Great War. Up-to-date academic works are presented and discussed for history is in the making in these seminars.

The first one is placed under the aegis of the EHESS (Paris).

See: http://www.ehess.fr/fr/enseignement/enseignements/2012/ue/828/

The second one is organised by the DMPA (ministry for defence, Paris):

http://www.defense.gouv.fr/actualites/memoire-et-culture/seminaire-la-grande-guerre-aujourd-hui-troisieme-saison

For your convenience, I have attached both programs.

prog2012-2013 EHESS

programme- grande guerre aujourd’hui

The Great War archive online (“Europeana collections 1914-1918”)

The “Europeana Collections 1914-1918” program  is an online corpus dedicated to the Great War. Europeana Collections 1914-1918 will create by 2014 – the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War – a substantial digital collection of material from national library collections of ten libraries and other partners in eight countries that found themselves on different sides of the historic conflict.

Here is an article (in French) by Sylvie Lisiecki  about this new archive tool by the French National Library magazine (Chroniques de la BNF, n°64).

The website can be consulted here: http://www.europeana-collections-1914-1918.eu

 

UK Government and Charity Fund Auschwitz School Trips

The UK government in conjunction with the Holocaust Educational Trust is currently funding visits to Auschwitz by two pupils from each school in the UK.  This mirrors the position adopted by David Cameron in regard to war cemeteries when announcing Britain’s Great War Centenary funding earlier this month.

These two BBC reports give you a sense of what the intension of the funding is to be and how the experience will be transmitted throughout the other pupils of each school in the UK.  In times of public sector cut-backs, this initiative must be deemed important.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-20001037

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-dorset-17307528

I include these here as in thinking about the Great War one hundred years after the event it is almost impossible to do so without reference to the Second World War and in particular the Holocaust. This must be particularly true in Germany, but elsewhere throughout the (western?) world too.

It would be interesting to see if these two episodes in history (the Great War and the Holocaust) become part of a broader understanding of the twentieth century at the end of the Centenary period and what that understanding might be.

Ben Wellings

Ben Wellings is Lecturer of European Studies at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.

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UK Government announces Centenary plans

In a speech at the Imperial War Museum on 11 October 2012, British Prime Minister David Cameron announced the UK government’s plans for the Centenary commemorations.  Given that the Olympics have somewhat delayed preparations and that such preparations take place in the context of on-going austerity and public sector cuts, it is interesting that the three main dates selected for commemoration are the what the Telegraph calls the outbreak of the fighting (4 August 2014 in the case of the British), the first day of the Somme (1 July 2016) and Armistice Day (11 November 2018).

Although battles such as Gallipoli, Jutland and Third Ypres will be commemorated the timing of the ‘big three’ commemorations is nicely spaced to minimise ‘commemoration fatigue’, a known after effect of ‘commemorativitis’.  It also allows time for the commemoration of VE and VJ Day in 2015 as well as the Battle of Waterloo in the same year (although how this will be commemorated in France remains to be seen).

At the same time, the new think tank British Future is calling on the UK government to make 11 November 2014 a ‘special’ day where Britain’s two favourite pastimes – shopping and football – would be suspended for the day, citing public support for this initiative (even though the 11 November 2014 is not the one hundredth anniversary of any particular moment of import).

It is also interesting to contextualise these commemorations in light of the broader politics of nationalism within the United Kingdom.  On Monday 15 October, British Prime Minister David Cameron signed an agreement to hold a referendum on Scottish independence by the end of 2104 with Alex Salmond, the leader of the Scottish National Party and currently Scotland’s First Minister.

It s most likely that this referendum will be held in the autumn of 2014.  Twenty-fourteen is also the 700th anniversary of the Battle of Bannockburn (remember ‘Braveheart’s happy ending).  I expect that holding the referendum on or near the anniversary of Bannockburn will be too obvious, but I also think that the pro-Union campaign ‘Better Off Together’ (i.e. those in favour of a united Kingdom) would be happy if the August commemorations preceded the referendum.  Although I expect that “politics” will be left explicitly out of the commemoration, the message will be clear that Britain was ‘better off together’ in 1914 and is so today.

The Telegraph (London) has a good report on Cameron’s speech that allows readers to see the wider political context (although the referendum agreement came after this announcement), particularly the vision of Conservatism outlined by Cameron the day before the Centenary speech.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/9602083/David-Cameron-all-school-pupils-should-go-to-First-World-War-graves.html#

 

Ben Wellings

Ben Wellings is Lecturer of European Studies at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.

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Call for Papers

Endurance and the First World War, 22-23 November 2012, Air Force Museum, Wigram, Christchurch, New Zealand

It is now nearly a century since the outbreak of the First World War, and scholarly and public attention remains extensive. This free 2-day collaborative conference provides an opportunity for researchers from around New Zealand and beyond to come together and share research around the theme of ‘endurance’ in relation to the war. Proposals for 15-20 minute papers touching on any aspect of this theme are invited from academics, museum professionals and postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers. Suggested topics might include (but are not limited to):

  • combat endurance and combat endurance (physical/psychological/emotional)
  • enduring connections (personal/national/imperial)
  • enduring ideas
  • enduring grief
  • enduring prejudice
  • enduring ‘total’ war
  • enduring traditions
  • enduring memories
  • enduring images and materials
  • enduring stories
  • enduring legacies and lessons of the war

Papers relating to New Zealand or international topics are equally welcome, and proposals are particularly welcome from post-graduate and early-career researchers. The conference will include opportunities for one-on-one mentoring and discussion.

Please send proposals of no more than 300 words and any enquiries to enduranceconference@gmail.com. The closing date for proposals is Friday 24 August 2012.

Organisers: David Monger and Katie Pickles (University of Canterbury), Sarah Murray (Canterbury Museum).